Location: Cambodia is a Southeast Asian nation on the Indochinese Peninsula. With total landmass of over 180,000 square kilometer Cambodia is bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.
The country consists chiefly of a large alluvial plain surrounded by mountains with the Mekong River to the east.
Climate: Climate of Cambodia can generally be described as tropical. The country is hot and humid with an average temperature around 28 degrees centigrade. The climate is dominated by the annual monsoon cycle with its alternating wet and dry seasons.
There are two distinct seasons: the Rainy Season and the Dry Season. The Dry Season is divided into two sub-seasons, cool and hot.
The Rainy season (Monsoon): From May till October. Temperature hovers between 27 and 35 degrees centigrade.
The Dry season (cool): From November till February. Temperature varies from 17 degree to 27 degrees centigrade.
The Dry season (Hot): From March till May. Temperature varies from 29 degrees to 38 degrees.
Immediately after the monsoon, the blanketing green of the countryside can be stunningly beautiful. Winters are generally colder in the northern part of the country. There is often seasonal flooding in Phnom Penh and the rest of Cambodia in late July and early August.
Currency: Currency of Cambodia is called the Cambodian Riel. The currency code for Riels is KHR.
$1 = KHR3,999.8
Rs1 = KHR60.39
Cuisine: Cambodian or Khmer cuisines typically consist of more than one dish and ideally contrast flavours, textures and temperatures within the meal using plenty of herbs, leaves, pickled vegetables, dipping sauces, edible flowers and other garnishes.
Rice and freshwater fish play big roles because of the abundance of both. There are hundreds of varieties of indigenous Khmer rice – from the fragrant jasmine-scented malis rice to countless types of wild, brown and sticky rice. Sticky rice is most often consumed as a dessert, often with slices of tropical fruit like mango or durian and coconut milk.
As far as river fish are concerned, Cambodia has two main sources – the Mekong River and the Tonle Sap,which is a huge lake connected to the Mekong.
Things to Do: Cambodia is a developing country. There are plenty of things to see in Cambodia. Angkor Wat Temple Complex in Siem Reap is the biggest attraction of Cambodia. There are other temples like Prasat Preah Vihear and Banteay Chhmar to explore. There is a heritage to be explored in Battambang. This includes a 150-year old Chinese temple, elegant French buildings and beautiful pagodas.
There are beaches as well in Cambodia to explore. One can enjoy snorkeling, diving, sailing, kitesurfing and kayaking. One can also go on bike tours, cycle tours and go for jungle walks and boating in rivers and lakes. There are antiques shops, souvenir stalls, and restaurants and cafes of every type in Cambodia. Homestays in rural Cambodia is something one must explore.
Visa: As an Indian Citizen you have three ways to get a visa for Cambodia. First, you can get a Visa-on-Arrival; second you can get an Electronic Visa (e-visa) online and third is to apply at Embassy of Cambodia to get a Visa Stamped on your passport prior to your departure.
Visa-on-Arrival for Cambodia
Following are the requirements for visa-on-arrival:
Passport in original with minimum 6 months validity
One recent photograph, preferably with white background (4×6 cm)
$20 Visa fee in cash
Return confirmed flight ticket.
If you intend to return by road, you must have a cover letter stating this with the valid visa of the next country (can be Thailand, Laos or Vetanam). Please note you cannot get Visa on Arrival in Thailand at the border checkpoint if you travel by road from Cambodia. But if you already have a valid visa for Thailand, you can enter into Thailand by road also.
Bank Statements, Credit Card Copy or at least $500 in cash as a proof of sufficient fund for 15 days.
E-Visa for Cambodia
E-Visa enables travelers to apply for an online tourist visa before entering into Cambodia. The whole process, including payments, is online. After receiving the visa, you have to keep the print out of this to enter in Cambodia.
Features of E-visa
Type of Visa: Tourist Visa
Entry Type: Single Entry Only
Visa Fee : $28
Validity : 3 months starting from the date of issue
Length of Stay: 30 days
Processing Time: Three business days
Requirements: A passport validity of more than six months balance at time of entry, a recent passport-size photo in digital format (JPEG or PNG format), a valid credit card (Visa/MasterCard) or $500 in cash at the time of entry.
Photo Specifications: Photo will be uploaded online during the e-visa application. It must be in JPEG, PNG or BMP format and size must be less than 1 MB.
Apply for Visa at the Cambodian Embassy
You can also apply at the Cambodian Embassy in New Delhi for a Tourist Visa.
Following documents are required to get a visa while applying at the Embassy of Cambodia in New Delhi:
A passport in original and must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the date of application (photocopy of the first, second and last pages)
Two duly filled in visa forms (photocopy allowed)
Two passport-size photographs, preferably with white background (4 x 6 cm)
A covering letter from the Applicant.
Confirmed onward/ return air ticket. If you are intended to return by road, you must have a cover letter stating this with the valid visa of the next country i.e., Thailand or Vietnam.
Proof of sufficient funds
One month visa is issued in all the cases. Visa can be extended by up to a maximum of another 30 days.
Flights: There are no direct flights to Cambodia from India. But there are connecting flights via Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. These cities are connected to most of the major Indian International Airports.