Hong Kong Information Dossier
Location: Hong Kong, with its 260 territorial islands and peninsulas, is located in eastern Asia, on the southeast coast of the People's Republic of China, facing the South China Sea at the mouth of the Pearl River estuary. It is 60 km east of Macau on the opposite side of the Pearl River estuary. It has a land border with Shenzen (in mainland China) to the north.
Hong Kong literally means ‘fragrant harbour’. This name is derived from the area around present-day Aberdeen on Hong Kong Island, where fragrant wood products and fragrant incense were once traded.
Hong Kong primarily consists of three main territories - Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and the New Territories.
Climate: Hong Kong has four distinguishable seasons - warm and humid spring, hot and rainy summer, pleasant and sunny autumn, cool and dry winter. It is occasionally affected by tropical cyclones between May and November, most often from July to September. The mean temperature of Hong Kong ranges from 16°C in January and February to 32°C in July and August.
January and February are cloudier, with occasional cold fronts followed by dry northerly winds. It is not uncommon for temperatures to drop below 10 °C in urban areas. Sub-zero temperatures and frost occur at times on high ground and in the New Territories. March and April can be pleasant although there are occasional spells of high humidity.
Cuisine: Hong Kong has a major population of Chinese origin. It has also been a British colony for a long period and been under Japanese occupation for some time. It has emerged as an international city of commerce and major financial center, thus attracting people from all over the world. These are all reflected in cuisines of Hong Kong. While major influence is of Cantonese cuisine, some non-Cantonese cuisines like Hakka, Hokkien, Teochew, and Jiangsu have also made big inroads into Hong Kong. Japanese cuisines, Continental cuisines and southeast Asian cuisines are also readily available in Hong Kong.
Things to Do: There are plenty of things Hong Kong has on offer for anyone visiting it. While there are some beautiful beaches, one can also take a tour to Lantau Island and see Giant Buddha Exhibition Hall at Po Lin Monastery. Visit Man Mo Temple and there are museums to visit in Hong Kong as well. One can also visit Victoria Peak, the highest point on Hong Kong Island. The Peak is also one of the most visited spots by tourists in Hong Kong. Besides all these, one should go and do lots of shopping in Hong Kong. Hong Kong diverse range of cuisines is also good enough to keep visitors interested.
Visa: Indian nationals can enter Hong Kong, with a valid travel document, for a period up to 14 days without a visa. Visa or entry permit is required for those who wish to stay more than 14 days.
Flight: There are direct non-stop flights from New Delhi and Mumbai. Other major international airports in the country are connected through connecting flights via Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, and Bangkok.